UP CIDS DISCUSSION PAPER 18-003

Teacher Education in the Philippines: Are we meeting the demand for quantity and quality?

Authors :  Clarissa C. David, Geoffrey Ducanes, Karol Mark Yee, and Ian Nicole Generalao

Program : Program on Higher Education Research and Policy Reform

Abstract : The quality and capacity of the country’s basic education system relies, to a great extent, on the ability of higher education institutions (HEIs) to train a sufficient number of promising teachers to hire annually. This discussion paper seeks to describe the state of teacher education in HEIs as reflected by their performance in the Licensure Examination for Teachers (LET). Analysis of the passing rates of HEIs in the LET suggests that (1) there is an insufficient total number of LET passers each year to supply the needs of the basic education sector; (2) there are areas of the country where there are troublingly low numbers of LET passers and high-performing HEIs in teacher education; and (3) a large portion of each year’s LET takers are on at least their second attempt and are much less likely to pass than first-time takers. Recommendations for further research and review of the teacher professionalization tracks are discussed.

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