University of the Philippines
Center for Integrative and Development Studies
Program on Alternative Development
Manifesto of Unity against the Anti-Terrorism Bill of 2020 in the Philippines
The University of the Philippine Center for Integrative and Development Studies Program on Alternative Development (UP CIDS AltDev), with civil society organizations, grassroots communities, and scholar-activists across Southeast Asia and the globe, condemns the passage of the Anti-Terrorism Bill of 2020. Nothing but a weapon to silence criticism and dissent toward the government, the proposed Bill is a threat to the fundamental constitutional rights of the Filipino people.
The Bill grants absolute power to the state and its repressive apparatuses such as the Armed Forces of the Philippines and the Philippine National Police to violate the Philippine Constitution and human rights. It harbors a vague definition of terrorism which permits the malicious tagging of activists, critics, and organizations as affiliates of so-called terrorist groups. Furthermore, the Bill undermines whatever “safeguard” it has by giving free rein to the Anti-Terror Council (ATC) to determine what constitutes “a serious risk to public safety” and the act to “incite others” to commit terrorism. This paves the way for the warrantless arrest of members of civil society designated as “terrorist.” This may paralyze the broad grassroots movements and alternative practices engaged by communities and civil society organizations that counter the state’s aggressive, profit-oriented vision of development. No one is safe.
We believe that it is imperative that we put an end to terrorist activities. Our hearts and sympathies go out to all of those who have been victimized by acts of lawless violence. However, arming the government with punitive instruments and granting them a wide latitude of discretion, which the proposed bill provides, is not the answer. History will tell how current and past regimes have exhausted means to amass political power through anti-people policies, as exemplified by the late dictator Ferdinand Marcos who wore the same “anti-terrorism” veneer to quell critics and dissenters. Suffice to say, the “Terror Bill” does not and will not address the root causes of terrorism which is poverty and the corruption of power.
As scholars and activists, we cannot stand by as we lay witness to the passage of this bill, especially under the current regime which has not been shy to use violence against the weak, powerless and the poor. We believe that addressing terrorism must not be addressed through punitive and draconian measures. Quelling terroristic activities is built through a comprehensive approach towards attaining peace, social justice, equity with the genuine participation of its people. We do not need to further arm the coercive apparatuses of the state which has operated with impunity and has grotesquely performed its duties with abuses. In order to end terrorism, what our society needs are real opportunities for its people, schools for its children, protection for peoples across races, sexes, and genders, an end to discrimination and violence, and genuine, open and transformative conversations in our pursuit of development.
To be free from terrorism, the entire Philippine nation, and the rest of the world, must get rid of poverty, marginalization and vulnerabilities. We need and demand for socio-politico-economic transformation attuned to people’s aspirations and voices, not another gauntlet to further strangle the Filipino peoples.
University of the Philippines
Center for Integrative and Development Studies
Program on Alternative Development
Pahayag ng Pagkakaisa laban sa Anti-Terrorism Bill ng 2020 sa Pilipinas
Kinokondena ng University of the Philippines Center for Integrative and Development Studies Program on Alternative Development (UP CIDS AltDev), kasama ng mga civil society organization, mga komunidad, at mga iskolar-aktibista sa Timog Silangang Asya at iba pang bansa, ang pagpasa sa Anti-Terror Bill of 2020. Isang sandata sa pagsupil ng kritisismo at pagtuligsa sa gobyerno, ang nasabing batas ay isang banta sa mga batayang karapatan ng masang Pilipino na nakasaad sa Konstitusyon.
Ang batas ay nagbibigay ng malawak na kapangyarihan sa estado at sa mga mapanupil nitong aparato tulad ng Hukbong Sandatahan ng Pilipinas at Pambansang Pulisya ng Pilipinas upang labagin ang karapatang pantao at konstitusyon. Ang batas ay nagsasaad din ng mga hindi malinaw na depinisyon ng terorismo na maaring gamitin upang bansagan ang mga aktibista, kritiko at iba pang mga organisasyon na kabilang sa mga tinatawag nilang teroristang grupo. Dagdag pa rito, inaalis din ng batas ang mga proteksyon para sa mga mamamayan sa pamamagitan ng pagbibigay ng kapangyarihan sa Anti-Terror Council (ATC) upang akusahan ang alinmang aksyon, aktibidad, o intensyon na “maaring magbanta ng seryosong kapahamakan sa kaligtasan ng publiko”. Maari nitong sagkaan ang malayang pagkilos ng mga organisasyon sa grassroots level at iba pang mga alternatibong pamamaraan at inisyatibo na isanasagawa ng pamayanan, civil society organizations na kritikal sa mga polisiya ng estado na mapanupil at profit oriented. Walang ligtas sa batas na ito.
Naniniwala kami na mahalaga na mawakasan ang terorismo sa Pilipinas. Kami ay nakikiramay sa mga nabiktima nito. Ngunit, ang pagbibigay ng isang mapanupil na instrumento sa estado ay hindi akmang pagtugon saisyu na ito. Ang kasaysayan natin ang nagsilbing saksi kung paano ang mga nakaraan at kasalukuyang rehimen ay ginamit ang mga mapanupil na kasangkapan ng batas at pwersa militar upang patahimikin ang kaniyang kritiko, tingnan na lamang natin ang halimbawa ng diktador na si Ferdinand Marcos. Sa madaling salita, ang Anti-Terror Bill at anumang instrumento na katulad nito ay hindi magiging solusyon sa ugat ng problema ng terorismo, ang kahirapan at pangaabuso sa kapangyarihan.
Bilang iskolar at mga aktibista, hindi namin hahayaang maging bulag na saksi sa pagpasa ng batas na ito, lalo na sa kasalukuyang rehimen na walang habas ang paggamit ng dahas at pananakot laban sa mga mahihina, walang kapangyarihan at mahihirap. Naniniwala kami na ang solusyon sa terorismo ay hindi matatamo sa pamamagitan ng nasabing batas. Ito ay matatamo sa pamamagitan ng isang komprehensibong pamamaraan tungo sa kapayapaan, panlipunang hustisya at pagkakapantay-pantay, na kasama ang mga tao. Hindi na natin kailangan ng isang instrumento na magpapalakas sa coercive power o pwersa ng estado. Ang kinakailangan ng lipunan natin ay oportunidad para sa lahat, eskwelahan para sa ating mga kabataan, proteksyon para sa mga tao ng iba’t ibang lahi, kasarian at gender upang mawakasan ang diskriminasyon, at, ang ang tunay at malayang pag-uusap tungkol sa ating pag unlad.
Upang mawakasan ang terorismo, kinakailangan ng Pilipinas at ng buong mundo na lumaya sa kahirapan, marginalization at mga vulnerabilities. Kinakailangan natin, at kailangan din natin ipaglaban ang pagbabago sa ating lipunan, ekonomiya at pulitika na nakatuon sa mga tao, kanilang mga pangarap at boses, hindi ang patuloy na pagsikil sa mga Pilipino.
Aksyon sa Kahandaan sa Kalamidad at Klima- National Capital Region (AKKMA NCR)
ASEAN SOGIE Caucus
Asia-Europe People’s Forum- Finland
Ateneo Human Rights Center (AHRC)
Baclig Farmworkers Association (BACFA)
DEPRIVE, INC. QUEZON CITY
Europe Solidaire San Frontières (ESSF), France
Foundation for Media Alternatives
Freedom from Debt Coalition
Initiatives for International Dialogue (IID)
International Association of People’s Lawyers
Gender and Development Advocates (GANDA) Filipinas
K’dadalak Sulimutuk Institute – Timor Leste
Kesatuan Aksi Keluarga Besar Universitas Indonesia 1998 (KA-KBUI 98)
Konfederasi Serikat Nasional Indonesia
KPRI (Confederation of Indonesia People Movement)
Metro Manila Vendors Alliance (MMVA)
Mindanao Peoples’ Peace Movement (MPPM)
NABIGLA PO COMMUNITY
Network for Transformative Social Protection (NTSP)
NGO Forum on ADB
Oriang Women’s Movement Inc.
Panalsalan Dagumbaan Tribal Association (PADATA)
Partai Rakyat Pekerja (Working People Party) Indonesia
Peace Women Partners
People’s Plan Study Group, Tokyo, Japan
Save Our Schools Network
Southeast Asia Freedom of Expression Network (SAFEnet)
STOP the War Coalition Philippines
Surigao Youth Convergence
Sustainability and Participation through Education and Lifelong Learning (SPELL)
UP ALL BNN
UP ALL MEGA MANILA
Women’s Legal and Human Rights Bureau, (WLB) Inc.
West Papua Support Dunedin, New Zealand
Leonora Angeles, Ph. D., Associate Professor, School of Community and Regional Planning and Institute for Gender, Race, Sexuality and Social Justice, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, B.C.
Rafiqa Qurrata A’yun, PhD Researcher, Melbourne Law School, Australia
Madhulika Banerjee, Professor, Depart of Political Science, University of Delhi, India
Gill H. Boehringer, International Association of People’s Lawyers
Dominique Caouette, Professor, Department of Political Science, Université de Montréal, Canada
Prof. Anuradha Chenoy, Trustee, Human Rights Law Network, India
Valentin da Costa Pinto, Executive Director, Fundasaun HTL (Hafoun Timor Loro’sae)
Alain Dangoisse, House for Sustainable Development, University of Louvain, Belgium
Jamie Seth Davidson, Ph.D., Department of Political Science, National University of Singapore
Mari Jeanie Derillo, NGO forum on the ADB
Heather Devere, Te Ao o Rongomaraeroa, University of Otago, Aotearoa New Zealand
Zhian Eli, mrsi4all.org , Dunedin, New Zealand
Gustavo Esteva, Universidad de la Tierra en Oaxaca.
Corazon Valdez Fabros, Vice President, International Peace Bureau
Joseph Gerson, PhD, President, Campaign for Peace, Disarmament and Community Security, USA
Ann Gilroy, Tui Motu InterIslands Magazine, New Zealand
Kevin Hewison, Ph.D., Professor Emeritus, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA
Miriam Lang, Professor, Universidad Andina Simón Bolívar, Ecuador
Vina Lanzona, Ph.D., University of Hawaii, Manoa
Francis KW Loh, Ph.D., ALIRAN, Malaysia
Douglas Ateremu McNeill, Christchurch, New Zealand
Carl Middleton, Ph.D., Director, Center for Social Development Studies, Chulalongkorn University, Thailand
Paola Minoia, PhD, Adj.Prof., Development Studies, University of Helsinki, Finland, and University of Turin, Italy
Abdil Mughis Mudhoffir, Ph.D, Department of Sociology at the State University of Jakarta, Indonesia, & postdoctoral research visitor at the Asia Institute, University of Melbourne.
Donna Peacock, JustPeace Group, Mercy Parish, Dunedin, Aotearoa New Zealand
James Putzel, Ph.D., Professor, London School of Economics (LSE)
Floro C. Quibuyen, Ph.D., President, Research Institute on Sustainable Initiatives (RISAL), Sydney, Australia
Nathan Gilbert Quimpo, Ph.D., University of Tsukuba, Japan
Sharon Quinsaat, Ph.D., Grinnell College, Iowa, USA
Attachak Sattayanurak, Ph.D., Chiangmai University, Thailand
Jeremy Simons, Peace and Conflict Studies Researcher/Doctoral Student, National Center for Peace and Conflict Studies-University of Otago, New Zealand
Anne Snick, Senior Researcher, STEAM+ project (EACEA)- Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium
Lawrence Surendra, Environmental Economist, Chennai, India
Kalle Sysikaski, Asia-Europe People’s Forum -Finland
Noreen MCGrath, Talitha Kum DN
Naruemon Thabchumpon, Ph.D., Chulalongkorn University, Thailand
Olle Tornquist, Ph. D., Professor of Politics & Development, University of Oslo, Norway
Andreas Weber, und.Institut für Kunst, Kultur und Nachhaltigkeit, Berlin, Germany
Maire Leadbeater, West Papua Action Auckland
Surichai Wun’Gaeo, Professor & Director, Center for Peace and Conflict Studies, Chulalongkorn University, Thailand
Massimo De Marchi, Professor and Coordinator of International Joint Master Degree on Sustainable Territorial Development – Climate Change Cooperation Diversity, University of Padova, Italy
Wendy Harcourt, Professor of Gender, Diversity and sustainable Development, ISS of Erasmus University Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Lata Narayanaswamy, Lecturer in International Development, University of Leeds, UK
Ashish Kothari, Pune, India
Robyn Firmin Just Peace, Mercy Whanau Parish , Dunedin New Zealand
Jette Roldan, Graduate Student, University of the Philippines, Diliman, Philippines
Alpha Mae J. de los Santos, Graduate Student, College of Social Work and Community Development, University of the Philippines, Diliman, Philippines
Muto Ichiyo, Tokyo, Japan
Kristine S. Calleja, Graduate Student, Asian Center, University of the Philippines, Diliman, Philippines
Vandana Singh, writer and physicist, Boston
Marisol de la Cadena, Professor, Anthropology UC Davis
Regie Anne D. Placido, Alumna, University of the Philippines, Baguio, Philippines
Aoi Horiuchi, NGO/Activist, Japan
Dr. Dina Al-Kassim, Associate Professor, English Department and Institute for Gender, Race, Sexuality and Social Justice, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, B.C.
Professor Peter Boothroyd, Professor Emeritus, School of Community and Regional Planning, The University of British Columbia
Dr. Susan Boyd, F.R.S.C, Professor Emerita, Allard School of Law, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, B.C.
Dr. Robert Daum, Fellow, Morris J. Wosk Centre for Dialogue, Simon Fraser University, Vancouver, B.C.
Dr. Amel Elradi, Ph.D., Institute for Gender, Race, Sexuality and Social Justice, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, B.C., Independent International Development and Policy Consultant, Khartoum, Sudan
Dr. Sneja Gunew, FRSC, Professor Emerita, Department of English and Social Justice Institute, University of British Columbia
Dr. Penny Gurstein, Professor, School of Community and Regional Planning, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, B.C.
Dr. Leila Harris, Professor, Environmental Studies, Social Justice Institute, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, B.C.
Yutaka Katayama, Professor Emeritus, Kobe University, Japan
Kevin Luzong, City Planner and MCRP Candidate, School of Community and Regional Planning, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, B.C.
Wajiha Mehdi, PhD Candidate, Institute for Gender, Race, Sexuality and Social Justice, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, B.C.
Dr. Geraldine Pratt, Head, Department of Geography, Professor, Canada Research Chair of Transnationalism and Precarious Labour, Faculty of Arts, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia
Dr. Valerie Raoul, Professor Emerita, French and Women’s Studies, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, B.C.
Dr. Becki Ross, Professor, Department of Sociology & Institute for Gender, Race, Sexuality, and Social Justice, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia
Dr. Raul K. Suarez, Professor Emeritus, Department of Zoology, University of British Columbia, Retired Professor, University of California Santa Barbara
Dr. Veronica Strong-Boag, CM, Ph.d., FRSC, Professor Emerita, Institute for Gender, Race, Sexuality and Social Justice and Department of Educational Studies, University of British Columbia, Adjunct Professor, Departments of History and Gender Studies, University of Victoria
Dr. Lope G. Tabil, Ph.D., P.Eng., Professor, Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan
Dr Jessica Ticar, Ph.D., Educational and Counselling Psychologist, Ontario, Canada
Dr. David Webster, Professor of History, Bishop’s University, Sherbrooke, Quebec
Sunya Zaman, PhD Student, School of Community and Regional Planning, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, B.C.
Maria Luisa A. Mendoza, Manila Philippines
Francia Clavecillas, Quezon City, Philippines