Policy Analysis on Education in Emergencies (EiE) and Flexible Learning Options (FLOs) for Senior High School (SHS) in the Philippines

Author: Naomi Fontanos, Junette Fatima Gonzales, Kathrina Lorraine Lucasan, and Dina Ocampo

Abstract: The novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic has affected the basic education sector in the Philippines. In the public school system, the pandemic has not only disrupted schooling by shifting the beginning of the school year (SY) 2020-20201 at a later time, it has also necessitated a shift to alternative learning delivery strategies including the use of more flexible face-to-face, distance and blended learning. This paper focuses on the effects of the COVID-19 outbreak on the K to 12 senior high school (SHS) program and the need to offer flexible learning options (FLOs) to upper secondary learners. It examines the policies the Department of Education (DepEd) has initiated in continuing learning during the pandemic and providing education through FLOs using the INEE’s domain standards on EiE. From this policy analysis, the paper identified some gaps that need to be addressed through the following recommendations 1) intensify FLO guidelines to meet the different needs and contexts of learners especially the marginalized; 2) develop an EiE policy; 3) improve teachinglearning by strengthening communication channels, formative assessment, and multimedia learning materials; 4) provide offline and online options for SHS tracks; 5) explore the use of videos, mobile training centers and flexible times of study.

Keywords: basic education, COVID-19, education in emergencies, flexible learning options, K to 12, senior high school

Recommended Citation:

Chicago Style:

Fontanos, Naomi, Junette Fatima Gonzales, Kathrina Lorraine Lucasan, and Dina Ocampo. 2021. “Policy Analysis on Education in Emergencies (EiE) and Flexible Learning Options (FLOs) for Senior High School (SHS) in the Philippines.” Philippine Journal of Public Policy: Interdisciplinary Development Perspectives 2021. https://doi.org/10.54096/LYWM4472.

American Psychological Association (APA) Style

Fontanos, N., Gonzales, J. F., Lucasan, K. L., & Ocampo, D. (2021). Policy analysis on education in emergencies (EiE) and flexible learning options (FLOs) for senior high school (SHS) in the Philippines. Philippine Journal of Public Policy: Interdisciplinary Development Perspectives, 2021. https://doi.org/10.54096/LYWM4472

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