Discussion Papers

[vc_row][vc_column width=”1/2″][vc_btn title=”Back” style=”flat” color=”default” size=”sm” i_icon_fontawesome=”fa fa-arrow-left” add_icon=”true” link=”url:https%3A%2F%2Fcids.up.edu.ph%2Fpublications%2Fdiscussion-papers%2F2020-series%2F|||”][/vc_column][vc_column width=”1/2″][vc_btn title=”Next” style=”flat” color=”default” size=”sm” align=”right” i_align=”right” i_icon_fontawesome=”fa fa-arrow-right” add_icon=”true” link=”url:https%3A%2F%2Fcids.up.edu.ph%2Fpublications%2Fdiscussion-papers%2F2020-series%2F2020-02%2F|||”][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row][vc_column][vc_custom_heading text=”UP CIDS DISCUSSION PAPER 2020-01″ font_container=”tag:p|font_size:16|text_align:left|color:%23bababa|line_height:1″ google_fonts=”font_family:Roboto%3A100%2C100italic%2C300%2C300italic%2Cregular%2Citalic%2C500%2C500italic%2C700%2C700italic%2C900%2C900italic|font_style:400%20regular%3A400%3Anormal” css=”.vc_custom_1581649208693{margin-bottom: 4px !important;}”][vc_custom_heading text=”The Triumvirate Quandaries of Muslims in the Philippines:
An Exposition of Said Nursi’s Hypothesis vis-à-vis the Hizmet Movement Approach” font_container=”tag:h2|font_size:24|text_align:left|line_height:1.25″ google_fonts=”font_family:Oswald%3A300%2Cregular%2C700|font_style:400%20regular%3A400%3Anormal” css=”.vc_custom_1581649233017{margin-top: 0px !important;}”][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_section css=”.vc_custom_1552539323998{margin-bottom: 0px !important;}”][vc_row][vc_column width=”1/4″][vc_column_text css=”.vc_custom_1581649238491{margin-bottom: 0px !important;}”]Authors[/vc_column_text][vc_column_text]Program[/vc_column_text][/vc_column][vc_column width=”3/4″][vc_column_text css=”.vc_custom_1581649250188{margin-bottom: 0px !important;}”]Jamel R. Cayamodin • Abdulhamit Durakoglu[/vc_column_text][vc_column_text]Islamic Studies Program[/vc_column_text][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row][vc_column width=”1/4″][vc_column_text css=”.vc_custom_1580263896217{margin-bottom: 0px !important;}”]Abstract[/vc_column_text][/vc_column][vc_column width=”3/4″][vc_column_text]The complexity of the triumvirate quandaries of Muslims in the Philippines—the ineffective education system, underdeveloped economy, and internal schism—goes beyond the comprehension of laypeople that eventually led to distrust towards Muslim institutions. This cynicism made altruistic reformers succumb to a cyclical dilemma that compromised their principles and advocacies. To a greater extent, this eventually made reformers apathetic. Unfortunately, formerly highly regarded reformers became subservient to the corrupt system in exchange of temporary, yet inadequate, worldly favors, such as minimum monthly allowance and other financial assistance from corrupt political leaders. In the long run, Muslim-Filipinos lost their desire to bring back the ideal society built by their ancestors prior to the coming of alien foes in the 16th century. The triumvirate quandaries continue up to the present day due to lack of inclusive remedies to these quandaries. This was further augmented by diverse ideologies, from liberalism to extremism, which have infiltrated Muslim-Filipino contemporary society. Using an analysis of documents and in-depth interviews with key informants, this paper tries to unleash the decades-long cyclical problems of Muslims in the Philippines and analyze their root causes according to Said Nursi’s “triumvirate quandaries” hypothesis. It also explores the sustainable approach of the Hizmet Movement, inspired by the philosophy of Muhammet Fethullah Gulen, which has sustainable overwhelming impacts to different societies and diverse people in more than 170 countries around the world. This study hopes to transform pessimism towards a brighter future and reform of the Muslim-Filipino
society.[/vc_column_text][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row][vc_column width=”1/4″][vc_column_text css=”.vc_custom_1580263991451{margin-bottom: 0px !important;}”]Keywords[/vc_column_text][/vc_column][vc_column width=”3/4″][vc_column_text]Muslim-Filipinos, triumvirate quandaries, Hizmet, politics, Bangsamoro[/vc_column_text][/vc_column][/vc_row][/vc_section][vc_section css=”.vc_custom_1552539323998{margin-bottom: 0px !important;}”][vc_row][vc_column width=”1/4″][vc_column_text css=”.vc_custom_1573696823456{margin-bottom: 0px !important;}”]Recommended Citation[/vc_column_text][/vc_column][vc_column width=”3/4″][vc_tta_accordion active_section=”0″ collapsible_all=”true”][vc_tta_section title=”Chicago Style” tab_id=”1573696858016-9fb05f30-27ed”][vc_column_text]

Cayamodin, Jamel R., and Abdulhamit Durakoglu. 2020. “The Triumvirate Quandaries of Muslims in the Philippines: An Exposition of Said Nursi’s Hypothesis vis-à-vis the Hizmet Movement Approach.” UP CIDS Discussion Paper 2020-01. Quezon City: UP Center for Integrative and Development Studies.

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Cayamodin, J. R. and Durakoglu, A. (2020). The triumvirate quandaries of Muslims in the Philippines: An exposition of Said Nursi’s hypothesis vis-à-vis the Hizmet Movement approach (UP CIDS Discussion Paper 2020-01). Retrieved from UP Center for Integrative and Development Studies website: https://cids.up.edu.ph/publications/discussion-papers/2020-series/2020-01/

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